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University and prevailed upon - practically ordered - some of
the students to join him in a rational, human fight against the
cholera. The windows were kept closed, strict sanitary regula-
tions were enforced, and only the most necessary forays for
replenishing the food supply were permitted. Of the 660 men,
women and children thus sanely protected, only sixteen died, a
mortality of less than 2.5 per cent. Compared to the losses under
the traditionalremedies practised in the town this was negligible.

It might be imagined that after all his distinguished services
to the State and his European recognition as a mathematician,
Lobatchewsky would be hi line for substantial honours from
his Government. To imagine anything of the kind would not
only be extremely naive but would also traverse the scriptural
injunction 'Put not your trust in princes*. As a reward for all
his sacrifices and his unswerving loyalty to the best in Russia,
Lobatchewsky was brusquely relieved in 1846 of his Professor-
ship and his Rectorship of the university. No explanation of
this singular and unmerited double insult was made public.
Lobatchewsky was in his fifty-fourth year, vigorous of body
and mind as ever, and more eager than he had ever been to
continue with bis mathematical researches. His colleagues to a
man protested against the outrage, jeopardizing their own
security, but were curtly informed that they as mere professors
were constitutionally incapable of comprehending the higher
mysteries of the science of government.

The ill-disguised disgrace broke Lobatchewsky. He was still
permitted to retain his study at the University. But when his
successor, hand-picked by the Government to discipline the
disaffected faculty, arrived in 1847 to take up bis ungracious
task, Lobatchewsky abandoned all hope of ever being anybody
again in the University which owed its intellectual eminence
almost entirely to his efforts, and he appeared thereafter only
occasionally to assist at examinations. Although his eyesight
was failing rapidly he was still capable of intense mathematical

He still loved the University. His health broke when his son
died, bat he lingered on, hoping that he might still be of some
use. In 1855 the University celebrated its semi-centennial anni-